PULMONARY

Pulmonary

Cardiothoracic surgery is surgery on the heart, its vessels and the thorax. The surgeon who specializes in this branch of surgery is called the cardiothoracic surgeon.

Primary pneumothorax:

Primary pneumothorax is pneumothorax that occurs spontaneously, that is, without a triggering factor, in an overall healthy lung. It is a condition that mostly affects young people, more often men than women.
The cause is often the spontaneous rupture of a small peripheral apical bubble. These bubbles are most often located at the apex (top) of the lung. Spontaneous pneumothorax occurs more often in smokers than in non-smokers.
This causes a very variable symptomatology ranging from a feeling of chest discomfort, through pain, to dyspnea (shortness of breath). The pneumothorax can be small, that is, only the top of the lung is detached from the wall, as it can be complete, meaning that the lung is completely collapsed (deflated).

Treatment:

The initial treatment depends on the severity of the pneumothorax. When it is not very important, it is enough to make sure of its spontaneous and complete resolution which occurs in a few days, even one or two weeks. If it is more important, a drain will be placed in the pleural space, which can be done under local anesthesia at the patient’s bed. Most of the time, this action fixes the problem in a few days.
When a pneumothorax has occurred for the first time, there is about a one in five chance of recurrence. In a second episode (first recurrence), the risk of recurrence is about one in two. The risk is about four in five during the third episode (second recurrence). Therefore, surgical treatment is generally offered during the second episode (first recurrence). The operation, which is a pleurectomy, is relatively simple and consists of resecting the responsible bubble and making a gesture that “sticks” the lung to the wall – in general, the pleura is mechanically irritated by simple abrasion. This operation is most often done by thoracoscopy. The postoperative hospital stay is generally 2 to 3 days.
The cases where surgical treatment is offered during a first episode of pneumothorax are those where the drain does not allow the pneumothorax to be overcome after a few days and those where the occurrence of pneumothorax represents a particular danger for the patient. patient (aviation personnel and professional divers in particular). Indeed, if with each breath there is always a little more air which enters the pleural cavity and which it cannot leave, it gradually forms a pneumothorax under tension which compresses and deforms the large venous structures. inside the chest, preventing blood from returning to the heart. There is then a danger to the patient’s life if the pneumothorax is not drained immediately.

Secondary pneumothorax:

Secondary pneumothorax has an identifiable cause.
It can be a disease or injury of the lung such as severe emphysema, lymphangioleiomyomatosis (a congenital disease affecting women which causes lung cysts to form) or a lung tumor.
However, trauma is the most common cause of secondary pneumothorax.
Finally, it sometimes happens that it is the doctor who injures the lung during a therapeutic puncture (installation of a central venous route, that is to say the installation of a catheter in a large vein at the base of the neck) or diagnostic (puncture of a pleural effusion for example).
Treatment
Treatment for secondary pneumothorax can be simple observation in a hospital setting if it is not important, placement of a pleural drain, or sometimes surgery.

Average length of stay in France 7 – 14 days
Number of days of hospitalization 2 – 3 days

This information is given as an indication and must be transmitted by a doctor on the day of your treatment.

The information contained on this site should not be used as a substitute for a medical consultation. Always speak with your doctor for information on diagnosis and treatment.

Lung cancer
Lung cancer is the presence of one or more tumors in the lungs. It is often called lung cancer because its origin is usually located in the bronchial lining (the layer that lines the inside of the bronchi).
His diagnosis is often late because there is no really significant warning sign. Depending on the case and the stage of the disease, different treatments may be offered in isolation or in combination (surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapies, radiotherapy).
Surgical procedures are Tumorectomy (removal of a tumor), Lobectomy (removal of one lobe of the lung), Bi lobectomy (removal of two lobes of the lung), or Pneumonectomy (removal of an entire lung).
All treatment options are discussed within the framework of a multidisciplinary staff involving all the specialists concerned.
The management of a person with lung cancer is treated in a specific way, adapted to each patient and each pathology.
This information is given as an indication and must be transmitted by a doctor on the day of your treatment.

The information contained on this site should not be used as a substitute for a medical consultation. Always speak with your doctor for information on diagnosis and treatment.

The mediastinum is located in the center of the rib cage. Different types of tumors can originate from the mediastinum. The thymus is the organ most often affected. This participates in the production of immune defenses. Most of the time, the types of cancer that affect it are not aggressive and can be cured.
To treat these tumors, the thymus gland containing the tumor is removed during surgery. If the cancer is of an aggressive type, it is necessary to add chemotherapy and radiation therapy. All treatment options are discussed within the framework of a multidisciplinary staff involving all the specialists concerned.
This information is given as an indication and must be transmitted by a doctor on the day of your treatment.

The information contained on this site should not be used as a substitute for a medical consultation. Always speak with your doctor for information on diagnosis and treatment.

When air enters the lungs, it enters a first conduit: the trachea. Tumors that affect him are rare.
Tracheal tumors depend on the nature of the tumor. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy, sometimes the only surgery, may be needed or endoscopic laser treatment. Sometimes you have to combine two or three treatments. In some cases, a stent is required to keep the trachea open.
All treatment options are discussed within the framework of a multidisciplinary staff involving all the specialists concerned.
This information is given as an indication and must be transmitted by a doctor on the day of your treatment.

The information contained on this site should not be used as a substitute for a medical consultation. Always speak with your doctor for information on diagnosis and treatment.

When the membrane around the lungs has cancer, it is most often a tumor from another organ (a metastasis). However, cancer sometimes starts on the pleura itself. In this case, it most often results from exposure to asbestos. Smoking greatly increases the risk of developing this form of the disease.
When the disease comes from another organ, care is decided based on the nature of the cancer causing it. If the disease is too advanced, the only useful treatment is to stick the lungs to the chest wall. In the case of a disease caused by asbestos, it is only possible to operate on tumors if they are not very developed; the patient must also be in good general condition.
All treatment options are discussed within the framework of a multidisciplinary staff involving all the specialists concerned.
This information is given as an indication and must be transmitted by a doctor on the day of your treatment.

The information contained on this site should not be used as a substitute for a medical consultation. Always speak with your doctor for information on diagnosis and treatment.

The lungs are surrounded by the bones and soft tissues that make up the chest wall. A tumor may appear on this part of the breast.
This is the subject of discussion during a multidisciplinary staff.
This information is given as an indication and must be transmitted by a doctor on the day of your treatment.

The information contained on this site should not be used as a substitute for a medical consultation. Always speak with your doctor for information on diagnosis and treatment.

A set of nerves run through the chest. The different types of tumors that can affect them are not serious.
Neurogenic tumors are treated with an operation. Most often, it is sufficient to remove them. Sometimes the presence of a neurosurgeon is necessary for the surgical work.
This is the subject of discussion during a multidisciplinary staff.
This information is given as an indication and must be transmitted by a doctor on the day of your treatment.

The information contained on this site should not be used as a substitute for a medical consultation. Always speak with your doctor for information on diagnosis and treatment.

Definition:
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic and hereditary disease which affects the cells that line various organs such as the respiratory tract, the digestive tract, the sweat glands by altering their secretions (mucus, sweat, etc.). It is called cystic fibrosis (cystic fibrosis).

The diagnosis and course of cystic fibrosis
Prolonged, dry cough, or more often accompanied by sputum (or sputum); recurrent bronchopulmonary infections;
Abdominal pain, cholelithiasis, chronic fatty and smelly diarrhea, episodes of constipation, fatigue, insulin-dependent diabetes

The course progresses after repeated episodes of pulmonary infections towards pulmonary fibrosis which decreases the oxygenation capacity of the body with a dependence on oxygen therapy which indicates a lung transplant sometimes in emergency.

Thanks to a modern lung rehabilitation technique called ex-vivo, it is possible to reduce the waiting time in France to 2 weeks!

In addition, a new indication makes it possible to transplant people who are victims of COVID19, because sometimes these patients suffer after-effects in the lungs which can make them dependent on a machine of the CEC (Extra Bodily Circulation) type.

This information is given as an indication and must be transmitted by a doctor on the day of your treatment.

The information contained on this site should not be used as a substitute for a medical consultation. Always speak with your doctor for information on diagnosis and treatment

Definition
Lung transplantation, or lung transplant, is a surgical operation consisting in replacing one lung or both lungs when they are affected by degenerative diseases such as pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema, or cystic fibrosis.

Often people with the above indications are dependent on oxygen therapy with exertional dyspnea (shortness of breath) drastically reducing their activities of daily living.

Thanks to a modern lung rehabilitation technique called ex-vivo, it is possible to reduce the waiting time in France to 2 weeks!

By means of the ex-vivo method it is possible to overcome the period of ischemia which is the period during which an organ is no longer perfused with blood or oxygen which is on average from 5 a.m. to 6 a.m. which makes it possible to prepare the lungs for a transplant until the moment when the surgeon considers that the lungs are said to be “transplantable” with an optimization of the chances of success.

In addition, a new indication makes it possible to transplant people who are victims of COVID19, because sometimes these patients suffer after-effects in the lungs which can make them dependent on a machine of the CEC (Extra Bodily Circulation) type.

This information is given as an indication and must be transmitted by a doctor on the day of your treatment.

The information contained on this site should not be used as a substitute for a medical consultation. Always speak with your doctor for information on diagnosis and treatment.

Excellent
Cosmetic
Surgery

Certified by
Medical Tourism Business

1 %

Excellency​

Icône
Thank you to Paris International Care for taking care of me and my friends
Victoria D
Butcher
I had a lot of apprehension but everything is going well thank you very much Paris Internationale care
Delphine B
Player

Make an appointment

Our products interest you ? We are here to help you !

You will be contacted with in 24 hours!

We want to know more about your specific needs to provide you with the ideal solution. Tell us what you need and we will do our best to satisfy you.

Certification
Satisfaction

Logo

Certified by
Medical Tourism Business

Certified by French Health Care

To start
Welcome to Paris International Care! Tell us how we can help you, we'll be back in a few moments.